Granted the keys

Abu Huraira radiyallahu ta’ala ‘anhu narrates that Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam
said: “I have been sent with Jawami’ al-kalim (conciseness of speech). I was in a state of
dreaming when the keys to the Earth were given in my hands”. { Sabih Muslim, vol.1, p.199 }


‘Uqbah bin ‘Aamir radiyallahu ta’ala ‘anhu narrates that Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi
wasallam was standing on the pulpit and said: “Indeed I have been granted the keys to the
treasures of the world” (Bukhari and Muslim). {Mishkat, p.548}


Imam Tirmidi and Darimi narrate from Anas radiyallahu ta’ala ‘anhu that Rasulullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “On the day of Judgement, honour will be with me and
the keys shall also be with me and on that day the Liwa’ al-Hamd (the flag of praise) will
be in my hands”. {Mishkat, p.514}


Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam was granted three du’as which will certainly be
accepted. Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: (1) Oh Allah! Forgive my ummah,
(2) Oh Allah! Forgive my ummah and the third du’a I have saved for that day when the
whole of creation and even Sayyidina Ibrahim ‘alaihis salam will turn towards me. { Sahih Muslim, vol.1, p.273 }

It is in a hadith that Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “By Allah! I do not give
anything to anyone neither do I deny anything to anyone. I am only the distributor and I
allocate the treasure where I have been ordered to”. Commentating on this hadith, ibn
Qayyim writes:
“For these treasures, Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam only exercises his authority
(tasarruf) according to the will of Allah just as a slave whose job it is to undertake all that
his master orders”.  {Tareeq al-Hijratain, p.17 – Qatar}

In another hadith it is stated that Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “I have been
granted the keys to the treasures of the world”. Commentating on this hadith, ‘Allama
Manawi writes:
“By this it means the treasures of the universe. Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam
grants as much as people require. Whatever transpires in the universe is due to Allah’s
will and Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam’s granting because he has the keys. Just as
the keys to ‘Ilm al-Ghayb Kulli are with Allah alone, similarly the keys to the treasures
have been given to Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam by Allah and whatever is given
from these treasures is granted by the hand of Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam”. {Faid al-Qadeer Sharh Jami’ al-Sagheer, vol.1, p.574}

Imam Manawi also writes:
“Allah gave the authority (ikhtiyar) to Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam to choose
whether he wants to be an ‘Abd Nabi or Baadshah (King) Nabi. Rasulullah sallallahu
‘alaihi wasallam chose the former and forsook authority of the treasures of the world and
due to this he was given authority (tasarruf) to the treasures of the heavens. Hence, the
Sun was returned after it had set, the Moon was split into two, the Shayateen were pelted
with stars, the doors to the skies were opened, rainfall was granted and stopped, the winds
were blown then halted, the clouds offered their shade and many other unnatural
occurrences transpired”. {Faid al-Qadeer Sharh Jami’ al-Sagheer, vol.1, p.148}

Imam Abu Nu’aym narrates from ‘Ubada bin Samit radiyallahu ta’ala ‘anhu that
Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “Jibra’il Ameen ‘alaihis salam came to me
and gave me glad tidings that Allah had given me help through the angels, He has given
me victory and help and He has granted me kingdom and leadership”. {Al-Khasa’is al-Kubra, vol.2, p.194}


This is what is befitting of the status of Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam because he
is the one who offers a refuge to creation. It is in a hadith that Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi
wasallam said: “I am the Sayyid (leader) of all people on the day of Judgement”.
Commentating on this, Imam Nawawi writes:
“Qadi ‘Iyad says that a Sayyid is he who is the highest amongst his nation and to whom
people turn towards in difficulty. Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam is the Sayyid of
all people in this world and in the hereafter. The day of Judgement has been mentioned
specifically because on this day there will no other leader and all people will accept
him”. { Sharh Sahih Muslim, vol.1, p.11 }

This means that even though people may refuse the leadership of Rasulullah sallallahu
‘alaihi wasallam in this world, in the hereafter they will have no choice but to accept it.
On that day, it will be only Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam whom people will turn
towards.


‘Allama Shihab ad-Din Khafaji writes in commentary of this couplet:
“This couplet means there is no other judge (hakim) in the whole of creation apart from
Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam. Only he sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam is the ruler and
no-one from the creation rules over him. So whenever he says yes or no, then he will
always be correct and will judge according the will of Allah. Only an enemy will oppose
his ruling, though there is no other ruler apart from Rasulullah who can stop his
judgement and refute it. Therefore, whatever Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam says,
he is the most honest”. {Naseem al-Riyad, vol.2, p.35}


‘Allama ibn Hajar Makki writes:
“Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam is the Khalifa of Allah and the Lord Almighty has
bestowed the treasures of his grace in the hands of Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam
and His blessings in Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam’s control. He has made
everything obedient to Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam, therefore, Rasulullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam has the authority to allocate and to deny these blessings”. {al-Jawahir al-Munazzam, p.42}

‘Allama Qastalani, commentator of Bukhari, writes:
“Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam is the epicentre of all occurrences. Hence,
whatever can occur can only do so from Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam and
whatever good takes place, it is by the permission of Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi
wasallam”. { Mawahib al-Ladunya, vol.1, p.34 }

Imam ‘Allama Zarqani writes:
“When Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam decides something, this decision cannot be
stopped. There is nothing in creation that can halt the decision of Rasulullah sallallahu
‘alaihi wasallam”. { Sharh Zarqani ‘ala al-Mawahib, vol.1, p.35 }

He also writes:
“In Sahih Muslim, one of the titles attributed to Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam is
“Shaafi”, ( شافى ) meaning he removes illness and difficulty and whatever complication
befalls the ummah, Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam removes it”. { Sharh Zarqani ‘ala al-Mawahib, vol.3, p.152 }

I believe it is due to his hadith that the Durood al-Taj contains the words “Daafi’il balaa’
wal wabaa’ wal qahti wal maradi wal alam”. ( (دَافِع البَلاء والوَبَاء وَالقَحطِ وَالمَرَضِ والالَم
From the aforementioned ahadith and sayings of the ulema, the hearts of the believers of
Tawhid receive solace and their eyes attain coolness. However, there are some who do
not enjoy hearing such narrations and state that they are against the tenets of Tawhid.
May Allah protect us from such thinking!
Here is there Imam, Molvi Isma’il Dihlawi, who totally denies any authority held by
Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam. He writes:
“He whose name is Muhammad or ‘Ali, he has no authority over anything”. {Taqwiyat al-Iman, p.47}

He thinks that he is raising the flag of Tawhid yet he has no idea that without respect
towards the status of Prophethood, the flag of Tawhid cannot even exist.
Let us now come and see the real magnitude of the authority of Rasulullah sallallahu
‘alaihi wasallam. If you are a Sunni Hanafi, then read the commentaries of Imam ‘Allama
Mulla ‘Ali Qari and Shaykh Muhaqqiq and if you are a Ghayr Muqallid, then pay heed to
the words of the Ahle Hadith leader Nawab Siddiq Hasan Bhopali.
It is in a hadith from Rabeeah radiyallahu ta’ala ‘anhu that Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi
wasallam said to him: “Sal” (ask). Commentating on this hadith, Mulla ‘Ali Qari writes:
“Meaning seek all of your needs from me. This is what the generous do and there is noone
more generous that Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam. Rasulullah sallallahu
‘alaihi wasallam told Rabeeah to ask and did not lay down any conditions or boundaries.
From this we learn that Allah has granted him the power to distribute anything from the
bounties. This is why the Imams have said that from the many unique qualities
(khusisiyat) of Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam, one is that he can single out anyone
for anything. For example, as Imam Bukhari narrates that Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi
wasallam singled out Khuzaima ibn Thabit and made his witnessing equal to two
witnesses and as Imam Muslim narrates that Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam
singled out Umm Atiya to partake in the Nauha of a certain clan.
Imam Nawawi writes: It is permissible for Shaari’ ‘alaihis salam to make a general ruling
obligatory like when he allowed Abu Burda bin Niyaz to sacrifice an animal which was
less than six months old.

Ibn Saba’ narrates another unique attribute of Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam is
that Allah has granted him ownership of the land of Jannah (paradise). Rasulullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam can give as much of this land to anyone he wishes”. {al-Mirqat Sharh Mishkat, vol.2, p.323}

Nawab Siddiq Hasan Bhopali writes:
Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam asked Rabeeah “Sal”, this means:
“Whatever good you wish for in this world or the hereafter, ask me for it! Rasulullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam did not lay down any conditions. From this we know that all
things are under his control. He can grant anything to anyone by the will of Allah”. 

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  1. Mashallah, Thanks for sharing this

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